"No person in the U.S. shall, on the basis of sex be excluded from participation in, or denied the benefits of, or be subjected to discrimination under any educational program or activity receiving federal aid." Title 20 U.S.C. Sections 1681-1688
What does that mean?
Title IX forbids sex discrimination in all university student services and academic programs including, but not limited to, admissions, financial aid, academic advising, housing, athletics, recreational services, college residential life programs, health services, counseling and psychological services, Registrar's office, classroom assignments, grading and discipline. Title IX also forbids discrimination because of sex in employment and recruitment consideration or selection, whether full-time or part-time, under any education program or activity operated by an institution receiving or benefiting from federal financial assistance.
Title IX Legislation
The Title IX legislation applies to all aspects of academic programs, financial assistance, and athletics, operated by recipients of federal financial assistance, as related to both education and employment.
The Title IX Act encompasses actions that affect educational access and opportunities for students all, including sexual harassment, sexual violence, stalking, dating and intimate partner violence (dating and domestic violence).
Under the Title IX law the university has a duty to respond to acts of sexual violence which includes providing information about reporting procedures, policy, and support resources and campus contacts.
In 1994, the Violence Against Women Act (VAWA) was established. This is a subset of the Title IX legislation. This act provide federal dollars to encourage the investigation and prosecution of crimes against woman.
In March, 2014 President Obama signed the Campus Sexual Violence Elimination (SaVE) Act. The intent is to increase transparency on campus about incidents of Sexual Violence. It promotes transparency, accountability, education, and collaboration around the handling of sexual misconduct on college campus around the nation.