Human Trafficking

Human trafficking, by its very nature, is a hidden crime whose victims often go unidentified, Misidentified or undiscovered. In addition, when victims are correctly identified and assisted, there is no systematic or centralized way to count them. Therefore, assessing the level of victimization in Minnesota is difficult. This is also true with regard to compiling Statistics on human trafficking in the U.S. or around the world. The U.S. State Department has estimated that between 600,000 and 800,000 people are trafficked across international borders each year, while the international Labor Organization (ILO) Estimates that Approximately 12.3 million people at any given time are Victims of human trafficking. The State department also estimates that between 14,500 and 17,500 people are trafficked into the United States each year. The United States is just beginning to address domestic trafficking, and data on the Prevalence of trafficking within the country is unreliable even when it is available.

What is human trafficking?

Human trafficking is modern-day slavery and involves the use of force, fraud, or coercion to obtain some type of labor or commercial sex act. Every year, millions of men, women, and children are trafficked in countries around the world, including the United States. It is estimated that human trafficking generates many billions of dollars of profit per year, second only to drug trafficking as the most profitable form of transnational crime. Human trafficking is a hidden crime as victims rarely come forward to seek help because of language barriers, fear of the traffickers, and/or fear of law enforcement. Traffickers use force, fraud, or coercion to lure their victims and force them into labor or commercial sexual exploitation. They look for people who are susceptible for a variety of reasons, including psychological or emotional vulnerability, economic hardship, and lack of a social safety net, natural disasters, or political instability. The trauma caused by the traffickers can be so great that many may not identify themselves as victims or ask for help, even in highly public settings, Metropolitan State University condemns these practices and is committed to advocate on behalf of victims and for the criminalization of acts associated with this explorative and oppressive practice.

United States Advisory Council Report on Human trafficking Annual Report 2016 (PDF)