Minimize Risk: (46.111) Research procedures should be designed so that the probability and magnitude of physical, psychological or social harm or discomfort anticipated in the research are not greater in and of themselves than those ordinarily encountered in daily life or during the performance of routine physical or psychological examinations or tests. Any possible risks imposed must be weighed against the scientific importance and the potential benefits of the research.
Confidentiality: (46.111) Research procedures shall not disclose confidential information, including names and/or salient individual identifying characteristics, to other than the investigator(s) and their research staff. Further, adequate provision must be made to protect the confidentiality of information that is to be retained over an extended period of time.
Informed Consent: (46.116 and 46.117) Participants will be clearly informed as to the purpose of the study, risks and benefits associated with participation. No investigator may involve a human being as a subject in research unless the investigator has obtained informed consent of the subject or the subject's legally authorized representative.